Short-faced Bees (Genus Dufourea) are represented in New England by two species with specialized diets. The Pickerelweed Shortface (Dufourea novaeangliae) is often abundant on its host plant statewide, while Beebalm Shortface (Dufourea monardae) is so far unrecorded from the state, though should be looked for on Wild Bergamot (Monarda fistulosa) which is common in gardens and and meadows in the warmer parts of the state.

Female Pickerelweed Shortface on its namesake flower © Spencer Hardy


Genus level ID

Species accounts

The Pickerelweed Shortface (Dufourea novaeangliae) is one of two bees in VT that specialize on species Pickerelweed (Pontederia cordata), the other being Melissodes apicatus. Pickerelweed is found statewide in shallow, emergent wetlands

The Beebalm Shortface (Dufourea monardae) is one of the more likely species to be added to the state list. Its known from Massachusetts and New York (plus much of the mid-west), and Wild Bergamot (Monarda fistulosa) is a widespread beebalm species that is often included in human landscaping projects.

Unless otherwise specified, photos are courtesy of Margarita Miklasevskaja at PCYU with funding from NSERC-CANPOLIN.

Species Accounts