- Status in VT: Decreased by 25% (4 to 3 blocks). Greatest changes in Northeastern Highlands (-67%) and Northern Vermont Piedmont (100%).
- Data from other research: No additional data for VT.
- Conservation status: State rank S1B
- Other atlases: NY and ON: stable
- VT’s role in North American range: VT is at the extreme southern periphery of the range.
- Causes of change since first Atlas: Rare and sporadic breeder whose occurrence parallels spruce budworm infestation; habitat suitability reduced by curtailment of large scale logging operations.
- Management/Monitoring recommendations: No specific recommendations. Management is best directed towards Canada’s boreal forest and Latin American wintering areas.
First Vermont Breeding Bird Atlas (1976-1981)
Second Vermont Breeding Bird Atlas (2003 – 2007)
Change in Distribution
Encyclopedia of Life
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