- Status in VT: Decreased by 100% (1 to 0 blocks), in Champlain Valley. All Atlas records for this bird are from the Champlain Valley.
- Data from other research: No additional data for VT.
- Conservation status: State rank S1B; S1N; recently removed from SGCN list as it no longer breeds in the state.
- Other atlases: NY: -33%; PA: 17%
- VT’s role in North American range: VT lies near the southern tip of the eastern breeding range.
- Causes of change since first Atlas:Intensification of agricultural practices which reduce hunting areas (?): e.g., more frequent haying, conversion of hayfields to row crops.
- Management/Monitoring recommendations:Maintain large tracts of grassland to provide potential habitat; continued, specialized monitoring throughout the year.
First Vermont Breeding Bird Atlas (1976-1981)
Second Vermont Breeding Bird Atlas (2003 – 2007)
Change in Distribution
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