Northern Harrier, American Kestrel,
Barn Owl, Killdeer, Upland Sandpiper, Horned Lark, Savannah Sparrow, Grasshopper Sparrow, Vesper Sparrow, Eastern Meadowlark, Bobolink


Grassland specialists declined precipitously between the first and second atlases as quality habitat has been lost. A loss of suitable open farmland habitat in recent decades is well-documented and has taken its toll on this group of species.

Declines in grassland bird populations seen in Vermont echo trends across their breeding ranges. The consistent declines in grassland birds have been steeper than any other avian habitat group in North America (McCracken 2005). Reasons for declines include: