- Status in VT: Continues to be a rare breeder in the northwestern part of the sate.
- Data from other research: No additional data for VT.
- Conservation status: State rank S1S2B; SSC; SGCN-M
- Other atlases: NY: -13%; PA: 7%; ON: non-significant decrease
- VT’s role in North American range: Vermont is at the northeastern edge of the range.
- Causes of change since first Atlas: No Change. Threats include: loss of both wintering and breeding habitat; development; loss of mature trees; mountaintop-removal coal mining; forest clearing.
- Management/Monitoring recommendations: Promote shade-grown coffee on wintering grounds; develop mine reclamation guidelines; conduct targeted surveys in the Champlain Valley on large tracts of mature forest with gaps in order to refine our description of its local habitat preferences.
First Vermont Breeding Bird Atlas (1976-1981)
Second Vermont Breeding Bird Atlas (2003 – 2007)
Change in Distribution
Encyclopedia of Life
All About Birds