Boreal Forest

Spruce Grouse, American three-toed Woodpecker, Black-backed Woodpecker, Olive-sided Flycatcher, Gray Jay, Boreal Chickadee, Tennessee Warbler, Cape May Warbler, Palm Warbler, Bay-breasted Warbler, Lincoln’s Sparrow, Rusty Blackbird

RustyblckbrdRusty Blackbird

The boreal forest of spruce and fir reaches the southern limit of its range in northeastern Vermont. Vermont’s position at the edge of the boreal forest translates to relatively small populations of boreal specialists breeding within the state’s boundaries. Boreal avian specialists exhibited a general decline, with 9 of 12 species found in fewer blocks during the second Atlas.