- Status in VT: Decreased by 21% (21 to 16 blocks). Greatest losses occurred in the Champlain Valley.
- Data from other research: No additional data in VT.
- Conservation status: State rank S2B; SSC;SGCN-M
- Other Atlases: NY: -63%; PA: -66%; MD: -68%; ON: -36%
- Vermont’s role in North American range:VT is within the core of the range.
- Causes of change since first Atlas: Loss of nesting habitat due to farm abandonment and the replacement of pasture/hay with row crops such as corn and soybeans; reduced productivity due to earlier mowing of agricultural fields.
- Management/Monitoring recommendations: Protect and encourage delayed mowing of grasslands adjacent to emergent wetlands.
First Vermont Breeding Bird Atlas (1976-1981)
Second Vermont Breeding Bird Atlas (2003 – 2007)
Change in Distribution
Encyclopedia of Life
All About Birds