- Status in VT: Increased by 4% (140 to 145 blocks). Greatest increases in Vermont Valley.
- Data from other research: FBMP: 5.5% annual increase
- Conservation status: State rank S5B
- Other atlases: NY: 19%; ON: 6% (south), 35% (north); PA: 72%
- VT’s role in North American range: VT is at the eastern edge of the range.
- Causes of change since first Atlas: Minimal change; forest maturation
- Management/Monitoring recommendations:No specific recommendations; potential threats include spread of hemlock woolly adelgid, loss of spruce and fir from climate change.
First Vermont Breeding Bird Atlas (1976-1981)
Second Vermont Breeding Bird Atlas (2003 – 2007)
Change in Distribution
Encyclopedia of Life
All About Birds