Butterfly taxonomy is a work in progress, and the last few years have seen some far reaching taxonomic changes that have affected many of the species found in Vermont. The Vermont Butterfly Atlas follows the Butterflies of America checklist, which was updated at the end of June with many changes brought by new publications.

The 1995 checklist of Vermont Lepidoptera listed 89 butterfly species in 48 genera, with two new butterfly species recorded for Vermont. The first Vermont Butterfly Atlas added 11 species to the Vermont checklist. Keen observers added four species since the first atlas, and so far, one new species this year.

The Checklist of the Butterflies (Papilionoidea) of Vermont is now comprised of 117 species in 5 families (Family:no. species= Hesperiidae 37, Lycaenidae 26, Nymphalidae 44, Papilionidae 6, Pieridae 8). Nomenclature follows: Warren, A. D., K. J. Davis, E. M. Stangeland, J. P. Pelham, K. R. Willmott & N. V. Grishin (2023) Illustrated Lists of American Butterflies (North and South America) 23-VI-2023 https://www.butterfliesofamerica.com/index.html.

You can still view the species accounts from the first atlas.

Checklist of Vermont Butterflies

taxonIDFamilyVernacular NameScientific NameVAL Species AccountVT SGCNs-rankg-rank
VBS:1PapilionidaePipevine SwallowtailBattus philenorhttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Battus philenorSNAG5
VBS:2PapilionidaeBlack SwallowtailPapilio polyxeneshttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Papilio polyxenesS5G5
VBS:3PapilionidaeCanadian Tiger SwallowtailPterourus canadensishttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Pterourus canadensisS5G5
VBS:4PapilionidaeEastern Tiger SwallowtailPterourus glaucushttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Pterourus glaucusS1G5
VBS:5PapilionidaeSpicebush SwallowtailPterourus troilushttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Pterourus troilusS1G5
VBS:6PapilionidaeEastern Giant SwallowtailHeraclides cresphonteshttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Heraclides cresphontesG5G5
VBS:7PieridaeLittle YellowPyrisitia lisahttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Pyrisitia lisaSNAG5
VBS:8PieridaeClouded SulphurColias philodicehttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Colias philodiceS5G5
VBS:9PieridaeOrange SulphurColias eurythemehttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Colias eurythemeS5G5
VBS:10PieridaePink-edged SulphurColias interiorhttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Colias interiorS3G5
VBS:10.1PieridaeCloudless SulphurPhoebis sennaehttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Phoebis sennaeSNAG5
VBS:11PieridaeMustard WhitePieris oleraceahttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Pieris oleraceaS4S5G4G5
VBS:12PieridaeWest Virginia WhitePieris virginiensishttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Pieris virginiensisSGCNS3S4G3G4
VBS:13PieridaeCabbage WhitePieris rapaehttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Pieris rapaeSNAG5
VBS:14LycaenidaeHarvesterFeniseca tarquiniushttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Feniseca tarquiniusS4G4
VBS:15.1LycaenidaeAmerican CopperLycaena hypophlaeashttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Lycaena hypophlaeasS5G5
VBS:16.1LycaenidaeBronze CopperTharsalea hyllushttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Tharsalea hyllusS5G5
VBS:17.1LycaenidaeBog CopperTharsalea epixanthehttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Tharsalea epixantheSGCNS2G4G5
VBS:18LycaenidaeAcadian HairstreakSatyrium acadicahttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Satyrium acadicaS5G5
VBS:19LycaenidaeCoral HairstreakSatyrium titushttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Satyrium titusS5G5
VBS:20LycaenidaeBanded HairstreakSatyrium calanushttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Satyrium calanusS5G5
VBS:21LycaenidaeHickory HairstreakSatyrium caryaevorushttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Satyrium caryaevorusS3G4
VBS:21.1LycaenidaeEdward's HairstreakSatyrium edwardsiihttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Satyrium edwardsiiSGCNSUG4
VBS:22LycaenidaeStriped HairstreakSatyrium liparopshttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Satyrium liparopsS5G5
VBS:22.1LycaenidaeNorthern Oak HairstreakSatyrium favonius ontariohttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Satyrium favonius ontarioSNAG4
VBS:23LycaenidaeJuniper HairstreakCallophrys gryneushttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Callophrys gryneusS3G5
VBS:24LycaenidaeBrown ElfinCallophrys augustinushttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Callophrys augustinusS3G5
VBS:25LycaenidaeFrosted ElfinCallophrys irushttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Callophrys irusS1G3
VBS:26LycaenidaeHenry's ElfinCallophrys henricihttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Callophrys henriciSUG5
VBS:26.1LycaenidaeBog ElfinCallophrys lanoraieensis https://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Callophrys lanoraieensis S1G3G4
VBS:27LycaenidaeEastern Pine ElfinCallophrys niphonhttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Callophrys niphonS5G5
VBS:28LycaenidaeGray HairstreakStrymon melinushttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Strymon melinusS2S3G5
VBS:29LycaenidaeWhite-M HairstreakParrhasius m-albumhttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Parrhasius m-albumSNAG5
VBS:30LycaenidaeEarly HairstreakErora laetahttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Erora laetaSGCNS2S3G2
VBS:31LycaenidaeEastern Tailed-BlueCupido comyntashttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Cupido comyntasS5G5
VBS:32LycaenidaeLucia AzureCelastrina luciahttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Celastrina luciaS5G5
VBS:33LycaenidaeCherry Gall AzureCelastrina serotinahttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Celastrina serotinaS4G5
VBS:34LycaenidaeSummer AzureCelastrina neglectahttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Celastrina neglectaS5G5
VBS:35LycaenidaeSilvery BlueGlaucopsyche lygdamushttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Glaucopsyche lygdamusS5G5
VBS:36LycaenidaeCommon BluePolyommatus icarushttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Polyommatus icarusSNAG5
VBS:37NymphalidaeAmerican SnoutLibytheana carinentahttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Libytheana carinentaSNAG5
VBS:38NymphalidaeMonarchDanaus plexippushttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Danaus plexippusS5BG5
VBS:39.1NymphalidaeGulf FritillaryDione incarnatahttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Dione incarnata SNAG5
VBS:40NymphalidaeVariegated FritillaryEuptoieta claudiahttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Euptoieta claudiaSNAG5
VBS:41.1NymphalidaeSilver-bordered FritillaryBoloria myrinahttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Boloria myrinaS5G5
VBS:42NymphalidaeMeadow FritillaryBoloria bellonahttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Boloria bellonaS5G5
VBS:43.1NymphalidaeGreat Spangled FritillaryArgynnis cybelehttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Argynnis cybeleS5G5
VBS:44.1NymphalidaeAphrodite FriitllaryArgynnis aphroditehttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Argynnis aphroditeS5G5
VBS:45.1NymphalidaeRegal FritillaryArgynnis idaliahttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Argynnis idaliaSGCNSXG3
VBS:46.1NymphalidaeAtlantis FritillaryArgynnis atlantishttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Argynnis atlantisS5G5
VBS:47NymphalidaeRed-spotted AdmiralLimenitis arthemishttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Limenitis arthemisS5G5
VBS:48NymphalidaeAmerican White AdmiralLimenitis arthemis arthemishttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Limenitis arthemis arthemis
VBS:49NymphalidaeRed-spotted PurpleLimenitis arthemis astyanaxhttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Limenitis arthemis astyanax
VBS:50NymphalidaeViceroyLimenitis archippushttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Limenitis archippusS5G5
VBS:51NymphalidaeHackberry EmperorAsterocampa celtishttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Asterocampa celtisSGCNS1S2G5
VBS:52NymphalidaeTawny EmperorAsterocampa clytonhttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Asterocampa clytonSGCNS1S2G5
VBS:53NymphalidaeAmerican LadyVanessa virginiensishttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Vanessa virginiensisS5G5
VBS:54NymphalidaePainted LadyVanessa carduihttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Vanessa carduiS5G5
VBS:55NymphalidaeRed AdmiralVanessa atalantahttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Vanessa atalantaS5G5
VBS:56NymphalidaeMilbert's TortoiseshellAglais milbertihttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Aglais milbertiS5G5
VBS:56.1NymphalidaeEuropean PeacockAglais iohttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Aglais ioSNAG5
VBS:57NymphalidaeCompton's TortoiseshellNymphalis l-albumhttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Nymphalis l-albumS5G5
VBS:58NymphalidaeCalifornia TortoiseshellNymphalis californicahttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Nymphalis californicaSNAG5
VBS:59NymphalidaeMourning CloakNymphalis antiopahttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Nymphalis antiopaS5G5
VBS:60NymphalidaeQuestion MarkPolygonia interrogationishttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Polygonia interrogationisS5G5
VBS:61NymphalidaeEastern CommaPolygonia commahttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Polygonia commaS5G5
VBS:62NymphalidaeGray CommaPolygonia prognehttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Polygonia progneS5G4G5
VBS:63NymphalidaeGreen CommaPolygonia faunushttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Polygonia faunusS5G5
VBS:64NymphalidaeNorthern BuckeyeJunonia coeniahttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Junonia coeniaSNAG5
VBS:65NymphalidaeBaltimore CheckerspotEuphydryas phaetonhttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Euphydryas phaetonS4G4
VBS:66NymphalidaeSilvery CheckerspotChlosyne nycteishttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Chlosyne nycteisS1S2G5
VBS:67NymphalidaeHarris's CheckerspotChlosyne harrisiihttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Chlosyne harrisiiS4G4
VBS:68NymphalidaePearl CrescentPhyciodes tharoshttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Phyciodes tharosS5G5
VBS:69NymphalidaeNorthern CrescentPhyciodes cocytahttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Phyciodes cocytaS5G5
VBS:69.1NymphalidaeDiminutor CrescentPhyciodes diminutorhttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Phyciodes diminutorSNA
VBS:70NymphalidaeNorthern Pearly-eyeLethe anthedonhttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Lethe anthedonS4G4
VBS:71NymphalidaeEyed BrownLethe eurydicehttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Lethe eurydiceS4G4
VBS:72NymphalidaeAppalachian BrownLethe appalachiahttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Lethe appalachiaS1S2G4
VBS:73NymphalidaeCommon RingletCoenonympha californiahttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Coenonympha californiaS5G5
VBS:74NymphalidaeLittle Wood-SatyrMegisto cymelahttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Megisto cymelaS5G5
VBS:75NymphalidaeJutta ArcticOeneis juttahttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Oeneis juttaSGCNS1G5
VBS:76NymphalidaeCommon Wood-nymphCercyonis pegalahttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Cercyonis pegalaS5G5
VBS:77NymphalidaeNorthern Clouded Wood-nymphCercyonis pegala nephelehttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Cercyonis pegala nephele
VBS:78NymphalidaeEastern Common Wood-nymphCercyonis pegala pegalahttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Cercyonis pegala pegala
VBS:79HesperiidaeSilver-spotted SkipperEpargyreus clarushttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Epargyreus clarusS5G5
VBS:80HesperiidaeLong-tailed SkipperUrbanus proteushttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Urbanus proteusSNAG5
VBS:81.1HesperiidaeSouthern CloudywingCecropterus bathyllushttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Cecropterus bathyllusSNAG5
VBS:82.1HesperiidaeNorthern CloudywingCecropterus pyladeshttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Cecropterus pyladesS5G5
VBS:83HesperiidaeCommon SootywingPholisora catullushttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Pholisora catullusS1G5
VBS:84HesperiidaeDreamy DuskywingErynnis icelushttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Erynnis icelusS5G5
VBS:85.1HesperiidaeJuvenal's DuskywingGesta juvenalishttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Gesta juvenalisS5G5
VBS:86.1HesperiidaeHorace's DuskywingGesta horatiushttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Gesta horatiusSUG5
VBS:87.1HesperiidaeWild Indigo DuskywingGesta baptisiaehttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Gesta baptisiaeSUG5
VBS:88.1HesperiidaeColumbine DuskywingGesta luciliushttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Gesta luciliusSUG5
VBS:89.1HesperiidaePersius DuskywingGesta persiushttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Gesta persiusSGCNSXG5
VBS:90.1HesperiidaeCommon Checkered-SkipperBurnsius communishttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Burnsius communisSNAG5
VBS:91.1HesperiidaeArctic SkipperlingCarterocephalus mandan https://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Carterocephalus mandan S5G5
VBS:92HesperiidaeLeast SkipperAncyloxypha numitorhttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Ancyloxypha numitorS5G5
VBS:93HesperiidaeEuropean SkipperThymelicus lineolahttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Thymelicus lineolaSNAG5
VBS:94HesperiidaePepper and Salt SkipperAmblyscirtes hegonhttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Amblyscirtes hegonS4G5
VBS:95HesperiidaeCommon Roadside-SkipperAmblyscirtes vialishttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Amblyscirtes vialisS4G5
VBS:96HesperiidaeFiery SkipperHylephila phyleushttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Hylephila phyleusSNAG5
VBS:97HesperiidaeCommon Branded SkipperHesperia commahttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Hesperia commaS4G5
VBS:98HesperiidaeLeonard's SkipperHesperia leonardushttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Hesperia leonardusS4G4
VBS:99HesperiidaeCobweb SkipperHesperia meteahttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Hesperia meteaSGCNS1G4G5
VBS:100HesperiidaeSassacus SkipperHesperia sassacushttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Hesperia sassacusS5G5
VBS:101.1HesperiidaePeck's SkipperPolites corashttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Polites corasS5G5
VBS:102HesperiidaeTawny-edged SkipperPolites themistocleshttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Polites themistoclesS5G5
VBS:103.1HesperiidaeCrossline SkipperLimochores origeneshttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Limochores origenesS3G5
VBS:104.1HesperiidaeLong DashLimochores mystichttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Limochores mysticS5G5
VBS:105.1HesperiidaeNorthern Broken-DashPolites egeremethttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Polites egeremetS5G5
VBS:106.1HesperiidaeLittle GlassywingVernia vernahttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Vernia vernaS5G5
VBS:107.1HesperiidaeHobomok SkipperLon Hobomokhttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Lon HobomokS5S5
VBS:108HesperiidaeMulberrywingPoanes massasoithttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Poanes massasoitSGCNS4G4
VBS:109HesperiidaeBroad-winged SkipperPoanes viatorhttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Poanes viatorSGCNS2S3G5
VBS:110HesperiidaeDelaware SkipperAnatrytone loganhttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Anatrytone loganS5G5
VBS:111HesperiidaeBlack DashEuphyes conspicuahttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Euphyes conspicuaSGCNS1G4
VBS:112HesperiidaeDion SkipperEuphyes dionhttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Euphyes dionSGCNS2G4
VBS:113HesperiidaeTwo-spotted SkipperEuphyes bimaculahttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Euphyes bimaculaSGCNS1S2G4
VBS:114HesperiidaeDun SkipperEuphyes vestrishttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Euphyes vestrisS5G5
VBS:115HesperiidaeDusted SkipperAtrytonopsis hiannahttps://val.vtecostudies.org/species-profile/?taxonName=Atrytonopsis hiannaSGCNS1G4G5
updated July 2023