- Status in VT: Decreased by 5% (176 to 167 blocks). Greatest decreases in Northeastern Highlands and Northern Vermont Piedmont.
- Data from other research: FBMP: significant annual decrease of 6.0%
- Conservation status: State rank S5B; SSC; SGCN-M
- Other atlases: NY: losses concentrated in Adirondack Mountains
- VT’s role in North American range: VT is within the core of the range.
- Causes of change since first Atlas: Forest maturation; reduced availability of calcium-rich invertebrate prey due to forest acidification; increased nest predation and parasitism resulting from habitat fragmentation; loss of habitat on wintering grounds.
- Management/Monitoring recommendations: Habitat conservation on breeding and wintering grounds.
First Vermont Breeding Bird Atlas (1976-1981)
Second Vermont Breeding Bird Atlas (2003 – 2007)
Change in Distribution
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