Urban, Suburban, and Rural Development
Rock Pigeon, Mourning Dove, Chimney Swift, Red-bellied Woodpecker, Eastern Phoebe, American Crow, Barn Swallow, Purple Martin, House Wren, Eastern Bluebird, Northern Mockingbird,
European Starling, Chipping Sparrow,
House Finch, House Sparrow
In Vermont, rural and suburban development has expanded between the first and second atlases. It often either replaces farmland or fragments forested land, favoring bird species associated with human-made structures (and feeders).
- Eight species exhibited a net decrease; nine species experienced an increase.
- For the species detected in fewer blocks, the kinds of development that have occurred have removed nesting habitat. For example:
- Replacing farms with housing eliminates habitat for Barn Swallow and Killdeer.
- Modern buildings often preclude Chimney Swifts.
- Northern Mockingbird, European Starling and House Sparrow are likely affected by farm abandonment and associated succession of open lands to forest.
- Many species potentially limited by threats to prey insect populations.
- Reasons for net increase of certain species due to range expansion include; increase in number of feeders and climate change.