- Status in VT: Increased by 1,500% (1 to 16 blocks). Greatest increase in Champlain Valley. Range has extended north since the first Atlas.
- Data from other research: No additional data for VT.
- Conservation status: State rank S4
- Other atlases: NY: 310%; ON: Confirmed in 40 blocks in first Atlas, 233 in second Atlas
- VT’s role in North American range: Vermont is near the northern edge of the range.
- Causes of change since first Atlas: Milder winters during the last few decades (?); proliferation of winter feeding stations (?).
- Management/Monitoring recommendations:No specific recommendations.
First Vermont Breeding Bird Atlas (1976-1981)
Second Vermont Breeding Bird Atlas (2003 – 2007)
Change in Distribution
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