- Status in VT: Decreased by 23% (64 to 49 blocks). Greatest decreases in Champlain Valley andTaconic Mountains.
- Data from other research: FBMP: annual decline of 4%.
- Conservation status: State rank S4B
- Other atlases: NY: -16%; PA: 130%; ON: 4%
- VT’s role in North American range: VT is at the southern edge of the range.
- Causes of change since first Atlas: Unclear; not limited by habitat availability.
- Management/Monitoring recommendations: No specific recommendations; climate change models predict upslope migration of temperature-sensitive fir forests, possibly resulting in competition with Bicknell’s Thrush.
First Vermont Breeding Bird Atlas (1976-1981)
Second Vermont Breeding Bird Atlas (2003 – 2007)
Change in Distribution
Encyclopedia of Life
All About Birds