- Status in VT: Decreased by 26% (27 to 20 blocks). Greatest decrease in Southern Vermont Piedmont.
- Data from other research: No additional data for VT.
- Conservation status: State rank S3B; SSC; SGCN-M
- Other atlases: NY: -23%; ON: possible distribution shift
- VT’s role in North American range: VT is on the southeastern edge of the range.
- Causes of change since first Atlas: Loss of primary wintering habitat due to extensive clearing of bottomland forest in southeastern US; habitat degradation from development, logging, and climate change.
- Management/Monitoring recommendations: Provide un-logged 100m buffers around suitable nesting wetlands to reduce depredation.
First Vermont Breeding Bird Atlas (1976-1981)
Second Vermont Breeding Bird Atlas (2003 – 2007)
Change in Distribution
Encyclopedia of Life
All About Birds