- Status in VT: Decreased by 53% (115 to 54 blocks). Greatest decreases in Northeastern Highlands and Southern Green Mountains.
- Data from other research: No additional data for VT.
- Conservation status: State rank S4B; SGCN-H; SSC
- Other atlases: NY (Adirondacks), ON: declining; MD, PA: not declining
- VT’s role in North American range: VT is near the northeastern edge of the range.
- Causes of change since first Atlas: Habitat loss from farmland abandonment, succession of shrubland, forest maturation.
- Management/Monitoring recommendations: More study needed at northern edge of range to determine degree of area-sensitivity; more study in powerline rights-of-way; management or disturbance that promotes development of shrub layer.
First Vermont Breeding Bird Atlas (1976-1981)
Second Vermont Breeding Bird Atlas (2003 – 2007)
Change in Distribution
Encyclopedia of Life
All About Birds